Since the theory of evolution was popularized by Charles Darwin in the mid-nineteenth century, it has been a source of intense controversy. To some, evolution is viewed as fundamentally opposed to creationism, or the belief that all living things are the product of divine creation. To others, it is considered a scientific fact. This title considers how the debate has influenced scientific research and science education in the centuries since. It also examines the scientific evidence that plays a role in this debate. Readers will be exposed to a range of evidence and viewpoints on this controversial topic.